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Geography of the region and its brief history
Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan in May 1997 in connection with the changes in the administrative work,an Aksuat district abolished (disbanded) and included to the district of Tarbagatay of the East Kazakhstan region. The administrative center is defined Aksuat. The area is located in the southeastern part of the East Kazakhstan region with an area of 25.1 thousand km square. A population of 59 thousand 800 people. The district ha s 16 rural counties and one township county has 69 towns. The climate is continental. Winter is cold in January the average temperature is - 22 ° C - 30 ° C. Summer long roast. In July the average temperature is 25 ° C and 35 ° C. Rainfall is low. The average annual precipitation 200 - 300 mm. year. Most of the precipitation falls on the winter.
Soils of South-East to North-West, light yellow, and with increasing altitude black earth. Most of the area is flat. In Zaisan Valley and the shores of Lake Zaisan can meet a variety of plants.
In mountainous areas, at an altitude of 1400 m (above sea level) is a mountain-steppe zone with mixed-feather grass and bushes (spirea, hips, etc.). At an altitude of 1,400 to 1,700 meters is area of subalpine and alpine meadows.
Between the ridge-Tarbagataj Sauyr, Kalba in the South and South Altai is Zaisan Valley. It is a tectonic depression in the eastern part of Kazakhstan. Depression length - 225 km, width -100-125 km.
In Zaisan developed sagebrush and wormwood-thistle desert steppes.
Rich and diverse fauna of the area. It is home to wolves, foxes, Korsakov, Borsuk, gopher, groundhog, squirrel, lynx, hare, argali, squirrel, bear and many species of rodents and reptiles. Of birds: a crow, swallow, cranes, sparrows and many others. And of mammals and invertebrates can be found four species - frog, turtle, snake and lizard desert.
From the mountains Tarbagatai rivers originate Bogas, Market, Kargyba, Tebiske, Terisayryk, Tayzhuzgen, Ulasty, Kandysu, Shrubs they flow into Lake Zaisan. They are small, muddy, but fast and noisy. Run to Zaisan depletion heat plain and before reaching the goal, shallow and lost along the way.
In the land area between the ridge Tarbagatajsky Tarbagatay and Southern Altai cuts its southern part of Salt Lake Zaisan. The lake is about 100 km, width - 30 km., Total area - 1800 square meters. km. The lake has a ship's route. The lake is rich in fish. It is home to over 23 species of fish, 17 of them commercial. Namely, sturgeon, pike, trout, pike, perch, bream, carp and many others. In the coast is home to many Rybachiya villages. In the village there are enterprises Tugyl catch fish and their processing.
The vegetation cover is very varied. Subsoil rich in minerals such as coal, marble, nickel. Used as a building material.
Duration Ridge Tarbagataj from West to East of 300 square kilometers and a width of about 30-50 square meters. km. The ridge is "Tastau" - 2991 m in the Eastern borders with Altai, and in the West Saryarka. Arganaty ridges, Manrak, Okpety, Tuyemoynak, Zhylytau also a high-rise.
The edges of these before our era inhabited by nomads, as evidenced by the mounds in the valley Chilikty sandwiched between the ridges and Manrak Tarbagatai. In 1960, at the Golden Mound "Altyn both" archaeological expedition under the leadership of the Leningrad scholar S.Chernikova found more than 500 gold products. Some of them are now in the Hermitage in St. Petersburg.
Land Tarbagatai nurture a generation of soldiers who Akyns pastoralists. Lived and performed feats biy Boranbai, batyrs Kabanbai, Dauletbaev, Bostan, Togas, Baybarak, Oteuil, cache.
In these parts are known to have lived all Kazakhs people like Tana Mirza and Kenzheli Sheshenya, sacrificed his life for the independence of his people Kozhageldy Batyr, who in 1826 first
vosctal against the Russian empire-Butabay Sata, who had distinguished himself in the battle Manrak - Bayotar, dreaming of unity Sasan people, Shaka and biy biy Sata Haji, the first of Naiman visited the Hajj Wal hadzhizh; Kurban Haji, Holy Healer Yrgyzbay; Orazbai Duane, rising from the ranks to senior Sultan Kisyk. Children will also remember the names of famous paluanov (wrestlers) and Isbaya Moldabaya, Babyr and Baganaly kuishi.
Rapidly running down the land eventful times. Time and again, our soldiers defending their homeland. Kalmakkyrgan, Dolankara, Kegentay, Baspana, Maylyshat, Cubas Kösen, Shorga, Maukybay, shamans have seen these times. Remain in people's memory verse akins caribou, Ozhyraya and Kali, a unique literary monument - the famous Dastan "Forty branches Bakhtiyar" national bard-zhyrchi Zhanuzak. In 1907 Kokash kazhy released in Kazan book "Dunie Ushin Gibrat Nama."18-11-2014